with Logical Argument Forms (key)
Convert each argument from paragraph form to standard form. Some paragraphs may have implied premises that will need to be made explicit in the standard form.
1. Deduction/Syllogism: Major
Premise + Minor Premise + Conclusion
What makes Bob an outstanding tennis player is his repertoire of trick shots. Most tennis players donít use trick shots effectively, but outstanding players do, and Bob possesses an unusual number of trick shots. My favorite trick shot of his is the ultra-high lob he hits from between his legs when he is facing away from the net.
tennis players use trick shots effectively.
2. Deduction/Syllogism: Major Premise + Minor Premise + Conclusion
Problem: Our jails are full of peopleconvicted of drug possession. How could one argue for decriminalizing drug possession?
Simple possession of illicit drugs should be decriminalized in America. Drug laws completely miss the mark in their effort to solve America's drug problem. Legislators don't realize that drug addicts are only hurting themselves when they use drugs, and it doesn't make sense to lock someone in prison unless their behavior hurts other people.
should be found guilty of a crime when their behavior hurts other people.
3. Induction: Evidence 1 + Evidence 2 + Evidence n + Conclusion
Problem: Why would the university care whether there are enough parking spots for students?
A business must keep its customers in order to remain successful, and customers may choose to do business elsewhere if a business does not provide parking spaces for them. Universities must provide parking spaces for students. If they don't, they may lose enrollment because students will go to schools where parking is not an issue.
need to keep their customers in order to be successful.
4. Deduction & The Conditional Argument: If X and Y, X, therefore Y
The problem: How can the university create more parking spaces without creating new parking lots or ramps?
more students were car pooling instead of driving individually, fewer parking
spots would be needed at the university.