Argument based on ethical appeal.
Logos: Argument based on
Pathos: Argument based on
Recognizing the merit of a
specific point or two of a counter argument.
The key assertion/claim/thesis
for which all the premises support.
The opposite position toward
a writer's arguments.
Topic of concern or controversy.
The reasons which support the
Premise #1: If Minneapolis doesn't
build a stadium, the Twins may leave.
Premise #2: Minneapolis, a major
city, deserves a baseball team.
Premise #3: If children don't have
baseball, they lose out on good memories.
Conclusion: Minneapolis should
build a downtown stadium.
format for deductive reasoning is the syllogism, which consistsof a series
of carefully limited premises, pursued to a circumscribed conclusion.
All Major League Baseball teams
improve the quality of life in the their home cities.
Minneapolis is the home city to
the Minnesota Twins.
Therefore, the quality of life
in Minneapolis is better than it would be if the Twins didn't play there.
A particular aspect of the
issue under consideration.
Should affirmative action play
a role in university admission?
answer is the writer's thesis.)
The logical form of an argument
(inductive, deductive, etc.).
After presenting a counter
argument or making a concession to a counter argument (through paraphrase
or summary), the writer explains why a certain point is false, misleading,
irrelevant, or weak.
The premises which defend a
The writer's main, overall
conclusion regarding a specific question-at-issue/debate, which is supported
by premises and sub-claims. For a problem/solution argument form, it is
the clear proposed solution.
*Based on information taken
Writing Logically, Thinking Critically by Sheila Cooper and